Ornamental-Pepper

Gardening Tips

Need help planting a successful garden? These tips and tricks from our horticulture staff can help keep your home garden looking beautiful this fall.


In North Texas we ask a lot of our plants. With extreme temperatures in the summer and periods of too much or no rain at all, it's important to equip your garden accordingly. Take a look at these suggestions designed to help your home garden thrive.

Gardening Tips for December

  • It is an excellent time to prune trees and shrubs to remove unwanted or unhealthy growth in order to maintain an attractive growth habit.
  • Continue changing out tired or dead annual color in beds and containers if you haven’t already done so. Plant cool season annuals such as pansies, snapdragons, dianthus, dusty miller and ornamental kale. Don’t forget to continue fertilizing annuals regularly.
  • Begin planting spring-blooming bulbs such as tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, allium, leucojum and muscari. Remember the basic rule is to plant them at a depth of 3 times the bulb’s circumference.
  • Mulch new plantings to help retain moisture and insulate roots against cold temperatures.
  • If you still haven’t overseeded your lawn, or still have some bare spots, cool season grass can be spread if an extended time period of warm temperatures is expected. Don’t forget to fertilize overseeded turf once it is established. Rye grass is an easy to maintain groundcover that helps retain soil moisture and helps reduce soil erosion.
  • Keep frost cloth handy to cover any tender annuals, perennials or new plantings. Buy it early before local retailers sell out when we have unexpected low temperatures.

Gardening Tips for January

  • Continue planting/relocating trees and shrubs now while they are dormant so they can establish roots before summer. Now is an excellent time to prune trees and shrubs to remove unwanted or unhealthy growth in order to maintain an attractive growth habit.
  • Continue planting annual color in beds and containers during days with warmer temperatures. Don’t forget to continue fertilizing annuals regularly with a complete, water-soluble fertilizer.
  • Begin dividing and replanting your summer and fall blooming perennials while they are still dormant.
  • There’s still time to plant spring blooming bulbs until mid-January in order to give them enough time to establish roots.
  • Begin planning your early spring vegetable garden. Plan to sow your seeds for spring annuals and veggies, inside, per instructions based on the last frost date for your area. Remember they need full sun and temperatures around 65 to 70 degrees (watch out for those cold window sills!).
  • Rye and Fescue seed can be spread during extended periods of warm temperatures. Don’t forget to fertilize your overseeded lawns once they are established.
  • Mulch new plantings to help retain moisture and insulate roots against cold temperatures.
  • Keep frost cloth handy to cover any tender annuals, perennials or new plantings since January is usually the coldest month in North Texas

Garden Tips for February

  • Continue planting winter annuals such as pansies, dianthus, snapdragons and chard on warmer days.
  • Sow your seeds for spring annuals and veggies, inside, per instructions based on the last frost date for your area. Remember they need full sun and temperatures around 65 to 70 degrees (watch out for those cold window sills!).
  • Don’t forget to divide and replant your summer and fall blooming perennials while they are still dormant.
  • Now is an excellent time to plant or relocate native and cold hardy trees and shrubs while they are dormant. It is also the perfect time to perform any tree trimming.
  • Get ready to start pruning your roses. A good rule of thumb to help remember this is to prune them around Valentine’s Day. Don’t forget that your climbing roses won’t need any trimming until after they bloom in spring.
  • Get mulch into your flower beds before the weather warms up and weeds really begin to sprout.
  • Don’t forget to fertilize your winter annuals throughout the winter and continue into spring. Use a complete, water soluble fertilizer to help them get established while it’s still cold.

Dallas Arboretum
and Botanical Garden


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